The more data that is produced, the more it appears that shale gas is going to need a lot of water to produce and this is not going to do down well in certain areas. There are concerns that there is not enough being done to find a solution to the issues that are bound to flare up.
There has been a lot of talk about the damages that can be done to the water while there is the act of getting the shale gas out of the ground, but less has been said about the amount of water that the will be needed to do it.
Research has shown that for every well that undertakes fracking there could be 25 million litres of water used and in countries where there is either drought or even a shortage in some areas this is going to cause problems.
The WRI – World Resources Institute – has tried to get this information out there and the results of their research id frightening. It seems that 38% of the shale gas locations are in areas that are suffering issues with regard to water levels. It will be difficult to justify the use of so much for fracking when there are residents, industries and farms competing for what is already there.
There are 20 countries that have the largest reserves of shale gas and out of that 20, it is reported that 8 of them are in areas with water issues. They are South Africa China, Pakistan, Algeria, Egypt, Mexico, Libya and India.
This comes on top of previous research carried out on the USA that showed that may of their shale gas rich areas, also happened to be water poor.
WRI informed listeners that the data they had used came from the Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas data that they had collected. There was also input from shale gas locations around the world as well as more local organisations, the National; Energy Technology Lab as well as the West Virginia University.
WRI also things that there has to be more transparency with regards to the amount of water that would be used as if there was a false figure there would be more complaints wen the actual figure comes out. Paul Kreig who led the study has said that many of the people who are involved are aware of the issues and know how things are going, but that it will still be “a slow process.”