The Occupational Safety and Health Administration or OSHA modified its requirements and procedures on safety training guidelines to enhance the quality of training programs and guarantee the reliability of its authorized trainers. The new safety training guidelines of OSHA is based on a model made up of
- Verifying if training is required
- Recognizing training needs
- Recognizing goals and objectives
- Creating and implementing learning activities
- Carrying out the training
- Assessing the effectiveness of the program
- Enhancing the program
The training model implemented by OSHA when it comes to its safety standards has been designed so that even organizations with a small number of employees can easily use even without the need to hire a professional trainer or obtain expensive training materials. By using this particular model, various organizations can develop and implement safety and health training programs according to OSHA’s safety standards that will address various work related problems that are specific and exclusive to their own organization. This training model also aims to fulfill the education and training needs of every employee, and reinforce the general safety and health program of the workplace.
And while the OSHA Act of 1970 does not exclusively address the employer’s responsibility when it comes to providing safety and health information to its employees, the Section 5(a)(2) does compel them to “. . . shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.” But on the other hand, over a hundred current standards included in this Act have its own training requirements. As a result the OSHA developed and implemented Voluntary Training Guidelines to help employers and other organizations in providing the safety and health information and instruction needed for their employees to work at minimal risk to themselves, to fellow employees, and to the public.”
Basically, these guidelines are developed in order to help employers and other organizations to determine if a workplace currently has an onsite problem which can be solved and addressed by training. It can also help evaluate what specific training is needed if there is such a need and identify the training goals and objectives. These guidelines can also help in designing learning activities and determine the effectiveness of the training in disseminating safety and health information to employees. Once the training program is done, employers and other organization can revise the training programs in general according to the feedback given by employees who took part in the training program.
The development and implementation of these safety and health training guidelines as directed by OSHA is but a piece of an agency-wide goal to promote cooperation, voluntary safety and health training activities among OSHA, the business community, and employees from various organizations not excluding the paramedics and firefighters. These voluntary training programs will include training and education, discussion, voluntary protection programs, and abatement assistance. As training improves, it is expected for these workers to be able to provide better service in accordance to the existing standards.