According to the new research, hospitals are not the only places where drugs are used rather the use of drugs at homes is also high. The matter causes issues for the water management as these drugs become a hurdle for them in the wastewater.
Although the treatment of wastewater is done through different treatment processes but they are not suitable enough every time to remove the pharmaceuticals from the water supply. This indicates that the drugs end up to the environmental waters. The issue is being watched by the policymakers deeply and eventually the new regulations are expected for the utilities.
The question arises that if these drugs are winding up in the sewage system, from where they are coming? Some researchers from Leuphana University took the question in the examination and published the results of the study according to which the major source of pharmaceutical drugs are the households in the wastewater. If a comparison is made with the hospitals, then the findings say that they contribute very less to this pollution. The quantity of the drug contaminants discharged from this source is small.
Even the share of painkillers in the hospitals is not of great amount. Metamizole which is a painkiller used very widely constitutes 22 percent share of the entire consumption. The study also identified the quantity of sedative Clomethiazole consumed in the hospitals along with the neuroleptic quetiapine which can be considered high.
Another drug that has considerably higher amount is the Moclobemide which is an antidepressant.
One of the leading persons in the study, Manuel Herrmann gave the demonstrations of the importance of the research. According to him, the study has been able to make them aware of the patterns of consumption by providing a clear picture of the things making the wastewater polluted. The method used by them regarding the procedures of measurement, there is the combined benefit of not being very complex and also it is cheaper. That is why the prediction of pollution is simple and the reaction of the policy and management is appropriate.
PPCPs are known for long and they are not the new matter for the water sector. These products are able to get escaped through the treatment plants of wastewater and wind in the waterways that has the water for drinking purpose as well.
Environmental Protection agency has kept these pharmaceuticals in the Third Contaminant Candidate List (CCL3). Some of the main elements of the study are as follow;
There is a difference between the patterns of drug usage among hospitals and the particular health institutions. The consumption of neurological drugs is more in the nursing homes and the psychiatric hospitals. If total contribution of the drugs is observed, it will tell us that the households are contributing more as compared to the health institutions.