Close to a decade ago, more than 189 United Nations pledged to provide their citizens with drinking water by 2015. Since the project commenced, more than two people have got access to clean drinking water with some countries that were lagging behind being among those that have registered a lot of improvement.
As of now, over 120 countries have now met the UN standards regarding provision of clean water for their citizens, most of which have good sanitation standards. But of the remaining population slightly more than 170 million people use surface water that is not treated.
Statistics released last week by the United Nations says that about 1.8 billion people are living in waterfronts which offer less than 500 cubic meters per year while about 66% of all the earth population live in waterfronts that offer not more than 1700 cubic meters for every person.
But even when sanitation seems to be improving, 2 billion people don’t have access to better sanitation facilities. But 14% of all people living on earth defecate in the open, most of which live in rural areas.
Children under the age of five years who mostly live in these areas experience high mortality rates. There is also a lot of poverty and under nutrition.
But with just about five months left to meet the goals that had been set aside, the African continent has the highest need, yet it has also registered the biggest success.
There are so many problems that loom in horizon in Africa. United Nations estimate that about 350 million people will be displaced by lack of water in 2030.
Most of these people reside in the sub-Saharan Africa. A lot of challenges also exist in urban slums in Africa. These alums continue to swell and it is estimated that about 500 million people live there.
In Africa, 70 percent of hospital beds are filled by people who suffer from ailments that are related to water and sanitation. About 100 people die every hour from ailments that are related to sanitation, hygiene and contaminated water. The worst case scenarios are found in countries such as Somalia.
Over the next fifteen years, the UN will set new goals which can only be achieved when different partners and stakeholders work together to achieve these noble goals.
International waterfronts and organizations which work to supply water to residents of their respective localities will have a lot of work to do in order to achieve desired goals.