It is expected that the cost of wastewater plants is going to be decreased up to sixty percent because of the discovery of a microorganism at the volcanic springs in Yellowstone National Park. After its identification, demonstration about it has been given by the professor Peter Lammers in algal bioenergy at Arizona State University.
The microorganism that has been found is called Galdiera sulphuraria which is said to be an interesting microorganism resent on the earth. The microorganism grows in a witches brew through which more than 50 organic molecules can be degraded..
Researchers have told that the microorganism is very effective and it can be used for the treatment of wastewater at urban sewage farms. More research is being done to discover that how much effective it can be so that maximum results can be obtained by tis new finding.
Efforts are being done at a site in La Cruces, New Mexico State by the Lammers and other researchers through which the diversion of the effluent is being done from the wastewater treatment plant of the city into the plastic bags which are primed with Galdieria sulphuraria. Through the use of the tubes, air is pumped gently which is enriched with carbon dioxide. To prepare the mixture of the brew, foils are used which are like plastic wings and they are moved up and down gradually.
The objective set for the entire scenario is to develop a treat plan for the wastewater which is energy positive and the treatment would assist in the preservation of the lakes, rivers and estuaries, reclamation of the chemical energy in the sewage, utilization of the sunlight that is going to help in the expansion of the energy footprint and eventually it can be paid for itself.
It is being said that if the experiments are proved to be successful then the microorganism is going to give huge number of advantages to the wastewater plants. According the researchers, there is a chance of elimination of the electricity bills of the sewage farms through the algal system and it is a very healthy benefit as 60 percent of the operating cost can be covered by it or rather expectations are that surplus can also be generated.
The requirement of the disinfectants during the process of treatment would not be high. Carbon dioxide and sunlight are the ingredients used in the pilot project by algae, more than ninety five percent of the phosphate and nitrogen. Is broken down in at most 2 days. The temperatures are very high and the presence of acid is also going to play a role in the killing of viruses, bacteria and parasites and this treatment of sewage would need the chemical disinfectant which is 10 times less than it usually takes.