U.S. Water News Online
COEUR D'ALENE, Idaho -- The shimmering waters of Lake Coeur
d'Alene are a lure for boaters, fishers, swimmers, and -- in recent
years -- lawyers.
The northern Idaho lake, often referred to as one of the world's
most beautiful, is the subject of numerous recent court battles as
various entities fight over control and cleanup.
The most significant decision was in mid-June, when the Coeur
d'Alene tribe of Indians won a U.S. Supreme Court decision granting
them ownership of the lower third of the lake. Many who depend on the
lake for their livelihood are closely watching the tribe's actions.
``The lake is so important to so many people for so many
reasons,'' said Bob Bostwick, a tribal spokesman. ``Lake Coeur
d'Alene is THE significant resource in this region.''
Kootenai County, which includes much of the lake, grew 55 percent
during the 1990s to 108,000 people. With the region's traditional
mining and lumber industries in decline, much of the growth is
spurred by tourists and retirees.
Most of them are drawn to the lake, and the related resorts,
beaches, golf courses, and marinas. Million-dollar homes and
condominium complexes line the 100 miles of forested shoreline.
Epic battles occur regularly between private landowners who want
to keep people out, developers who want to bring more people in, and
town residents who want to ensure they retain public access to the
The tribe also depends on tourists to fill its nearby casino and
adjacent hotel. But Indians don't see the lake purely in economic
``It must and will be protected for the benefit of our regional
economy, to be sure,'' tribal chairman Ernie Stensgar said recently.
``But it must also be protected for the unborn generations, Indian
and non-Indian, who will live and thrive here.''
The tribe has managed the lower third of the lake for the past
three years, since a federal judge ruled in its favor.
So far the change in ownership has meant primarily that fees for
permits for fishing, docks, and other uses go to the tribe rather
than state government in Boise.
But earlier this month, the tribe told area real estate agents
that it may clamp down on the number of new docks it will allow.
The goal is to reduce congestion by encouraging more multifamily
docks, instead of more single-family docks, the tribe said.
Kelly Hanson, president of the Coeur d'Alene Association of
Realtors, said the letter was something of a surprise.
``Clustering docks may be a good idea,'' he explained. ``But
people in Idaho tend to be pretty independent.''
``The message the tribe wants people to understand is that all of
us need to make sure the lake is healthy,'' Bostwick said.
``The tribe has had the welcome mat out to that lake for thousands
of years and the welcome mat stays,'' he added.
The tribe's legal claim to the lake may not be over. Tribal
officials will decide later this summer whether they want to pursue
ownership of the entire lake in federal court. It appears they might.
``We have been here as long as the lake itself,'' Stensgar said.
``It is the center of our homeland and we ... are the historical,
cultural, and traditional products of the lake.''
The tribe is also pushing a lawsuit to force mining companies to
pay the cost of cleaning up pollution from a century of mining in
Idaho's Silver Valley. Much of that pollution washed down into the
lake, resting on the bottom.
The United States and the tribe sued under the Superfund law to
hold the companies liable for part of the cleanup bill, which could
range as high as $3 billion. If U.S. District Judge Edward Lodge of
Boise rules that the companies are liable, a second trial would
determine how much each should pay.
Asarco Inc. and Hecla Mining Co. are trying to prove in court that
they should not be liable for part of the cost of cleanup. Three
other firms that were sued have already settled.
The tribe claimed that most of the heavy metals in the lake came
from Asarco and Hecla. The mining companies contend the government
shares responsibility for contamination because it kept the mines
running during World War II.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has long maintained that
the lake serves as a de facto repository for decades of toxic mine
But the agency has also concluded the lake meets the federal
drinking water standard for heavy metals and that its beaches are
safe for people to use.
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