U.S. Water News Online
LONDON -- Kenya and South Africa are likely to be the only
sub-Saharan African countries facing severe water shortages over the
next 20 years, a report says.
The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) warns also
that by 2025, the two countries will be the only ones outside of the
Middle East, North Africa and the Indian sub-continent in which more
than 40 per cent of fresh water stocks will be depleted.
People worldwide have to change their eating habits for there to
be enough food for the growing population, the report adds.
Groundwater levels will fall and rivers will become even more
Wildlife will face growing water shortages, as will cattle and
other livestock in the affected countries.
The institute, which is looking into global options for feeding
people in countries with water problems, calls for a change in the
use the commodity to grow food.
It takes about 9,680 litres of water to produce a kilo of beef, as
opposed to just 1,390 litres to produce a kilo of maize, its
"There will be enough food for everyone on average in 20 years'
time, but unless we change the way that we grow it, there will be a
lot more malnourished people," says Dr David Molden, a leading IWMI
In a related development, Water Development permanent secretary
George Khroda said Kenya needed more than Sh30 billion in the next 11
years to meet its water and sanitation needs.
Addressing a water workshop in Nairobi, he said the funds would be
needed to provide clean water to 10 million people and improve
sanitation for 18 million others.
Return to the
U.S. Water News Archives page
Return to the U.S. Water
Use a comma to separate e-mail addresses:
Hi, I thought you might like to read this article.