U.S. Water News Online
SHANGHAI, China -- Thirsty Beijing will begin by 2010 to
divert water from the Yangtze River, far to the south, though the
massive project is strapped by financial difficulties and severe
pollution, state media reported.
Work on the South-North Diversion Project, one of the world's
biggest and costliest building projects, began in 2002.
The plan is to divert 13.4 billion cubic meters (12 trillion
gallons) of water a year from the Yangtze River in China's wetter
south to arid areas in the north. The first supplies are to reach the
eastern province of Shandong in 2007, and Beijing by 2010.
But the project, the total cost of which is projected at $60
billion (euro46.3 billion), is already over budget, the state-run
newspaper China Daily cited Zhang Jiyao, the official in China's
State Council, or Cabinet, responsible for the project, as saying.
Zhang said the central government, which is covering 30 percent of
the costs, would have to raise "special funds" and that local
governments, responsible for 25 percent, would need to raise taxes or
water rates to be able to pay their shares.
The remainder of the financing is to come from bank loans.
Chronic water shortages in China's north have left many cities
short of drinking water and hurt economic development plans.
Annual water supplies around the capital average 295,000 liters
(78,000 gallons) per person, far below the "shortage" level of
984,000 liters (260,000 gallons), according to state media reports.
Zhang said severe pollution in waterways along the project was
"Water security on the eastern line, plagued by many chronic
sources of contamination, is vital to the diversion project," the
China Daily quoted him as saying.
China has launched 260 projects to curb pollution and help local
governments meet a deadline for ensuring the water in their sections
of the diversion project meet minimum drinking standards by 2007, the
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